Asian Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) DRIED FLOWERS School School

Terscheckii Cactus Skin Cuts (Trichocereus Terscheckii)

Ayahuasca Yellow Vine (Banisteriopsis Caapi) “Chaliponga” Dried Whole Leaf (Diplopterys Cabrerana)

The plants build up alkaloids during dry seasons and draw upon them for growth when the rains come. If the plants are harvested during or after a wet spell, the alkaloid content may have dropped below 50 percent. If you have a soil test kit, you can get a good indication of the potency of cacti growing wild. If the soil is rich in nitrogen, the plants are likely to be rich in alkaloids. When harvesting peyote, many people uproot the entire plant. This is unnecessary and wasteful. The roots contain no mescaline. Some of these plants have taken a long time to reach their size. A cactus three inches in diameter may be more than 20 years old. To collect peyote properly the button should be cleanly decapitated slightly above ground level. When the roots are left intact new buds will form where the old was removed. These will eventually develop into full-size buttons which may be harvested as before. Faulty harvesting method have seriously depleted populations of this cactus. Because of the presence of several phenolic alkaloids peyote cacti do not spoil easily and may be kept in their fresh form for several weeks after harvesting. If they are to be kept longer than this they must be refrigerated, frozen, or dried. The enzymes which cause the harvested plant to eventually decompose also destroy the mescaline and other alkaloids. To dry peyote buttons lay them out in the hot sun or in an oven at 250 degrees F until completely devoid of moisture. OTHER PEYOTE-TYPE CACTI OF CENTRAL MEXICO There are several cacti which are used by the Tarahumares and other tribes of central Mexico as substitutes for peyote. Many of these cacti are now under investigation for their alkaloidal content and sychopharmacological activity. Progress is somewhat retarded in the studies of the effects of these plants because almost all experimentation has been conducted on laboratory animals rather than humans. Some of these cacti have been found to contain mescaline and other related alkaloids with known sympathomimetic properties. Much further research is needed on these plants and their activity. However, we will attempt to bring the reader up to date on what is known about them at this time. PEYOTILLO: This small cactus is botanically called PELECYPHORA ASELLIFORMIS. It is also known sometimes as the hatchet cactus because of its oddly flattened tubercules. It is often found growing in the state of San Louis Potosi in central Mexico. The plant contains traces of mescaline too minute to have any effect. It also contains small amounts of anhalidine, anhaladine, hordenine, Nmethylmescaline, pellotine, 3-demethyltrichocereine, B-phenethylamine, Nmethyl- B-phenethylamine, 3,4-dimethoxy-B-pheneththyl-amine, N-methyl-3,4- dimethoxy-B-phenethylamine, and 4-methoxy-B-phenethy- lamine. Most of these are found in peyote but in much larger quantities. TSUWIRI: The botanical name of this cactus is ARIOCARPUS RETUSUS. The Huichol name tsuwiri means F ayahuasca school Terscheckii Cactus Skin Cuts (Trichocereus Terscheckii) Vine Yellow (Banisteriopsis (Banisteriopsis lt-up pressure from the flask. If the stirring bar bangs too violently in the flask, remove it with a magnet rather than break the flask. Pour the contents of the flask into a 250 ml sep funnel, and drain the lower layer (water solution of lysergic acid hydrazide tartarate) into a 250 ml Erlenmeyer flask wrapped in foil. To the ether layer still in the sep funnel, add 50 ml fresh decimolar tartaric-acid solution, and shake. Examine the water layer for the presence of lysergic acid hydrazide with a black light. If there is a significant amount, add this also to the Erlenmeyer flask. Place the magnetic stirring bar in the Erlenmeyer flask, and stir it moderately. Monitor the pH of the solution with a properly calibrated pH meter, and slowly add .5M (20 grams per liter) sodium hydroxide solution until the pH has risen to the range of 8-8.5. Higher pH will cause racemization. The freebase is then extracted from the water solution with chloroform. Two extractions with 100 ml of chloroform should complete the extraction, but check a third extraction with the black light to ensure that most all of the product lysergic acid hydrazide has been extracted. The chloroform extracts should be evaporated under a vacuum in a 500 ml flask to yield the product. This is best done by rigging the 500 ml flask for simple distillation, and applying an aspirator vacuum to remove the chloroform. Assume that the yield from this procedure will be about 5 grams of lysergic acid hydrazide if ergot was the crop used. Assume that the yield will be about 7.5 grams if seeds were used. The difference here is due to the fact that in ergot, the amides 4 LSD Directly From The Lysergic Amides — The One Pot Shot 27 are largely composed of substances in which the portion lopped off is about as large as the lysergic acid molecule. Seeds tend to be more conservative as to their building upon the lysergic molecule. A careful weighing on a sensitive scale comparing the weight of the flask before and after would give a more exact number. Both of these choices are really very poor, because lysergic acid hydrazide, unlike most other lysergic compounds, crystallizes very well with negligible loss of product. At the hydrazide stage of LSD manufacture, one has a perfect opportunity to get an exceedingly pure product, freed from clavine alkaloids and other garbage compounds carried in from the extraction of the complex plant material. I refer the reader to US patent 2,090,429 issued to Albert Hofmann and Arthur Stoll, the dynamic duo of lysergic chemistry, dealing with lysergic acid hydrazide. In this patent, they describe in a rather excited state how they were able to produce pure lysergic acid hydrazide from tank scrapings that were otherwise impure junk. Lysergic acid hydrazide has the following properties: it dissolves easily in acid, but is very difficultly soluble in water, ether, benzene and chloroform. In hot absolute ethanol it is slightly Terscheckii Cactus Skin Cuts (Trichocereus Terscheckii) Chat

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or this reaction is about 25° C throughout. When all the methyl nitrite has been bubbled into the reaction mixture, stirring should be continued for another hour. Then, if palladium bromide was used, it should be filtered out. Repeated filtrations will be needed to remove all of the catalyst, because it gets quite finely divided during the course of the reaction. This leaves a clear light-reddish solution. If palladium bromide was used, now adjust pH to 4-7, and allow another hour to complete the hydrolysis. If palladium chloride or the mixed catalyst was used, these substances are soluble in alcohol. In this case, the catalyst will be recovered later. Here, check the pH of the solution again to be sure it is in the proper range before proceeding. Now the alcohol solvent must be removed. This is best done by pouring the reaction mixture into a large filtering flask, stoppering the top of the flask, and removing the solvent under a vacuum. Use of a hot-water bath to speed evaporation is highly recommended for this process. It is not OK to distill off the alcohol at normal pressure, as the heat will cause the nitrite and NO in solution to do bad things to the product. To the residue left in the flask after removal of the alcohol, add some toluene to rinse the product out of the flask into a sep funnel. Next, put 300 ml of water into the flask to dissolve the catalyst if PdCla or the mixed catalyst was used. Add the water solution to the sep funnel to dissolve carried-over catalyst there, then drain this water 12 Studies On The Production OfTMA-2 83 solution of catalyst into a dark bottle and store in the dark until the next batch. If PdBr2 was used, this step can be skipped. Just store the filtered-out PdBra under water in the dark. Now the toluene-phenylacetone solution should be distilled through a Claisen adapter packed with some pieces of broken glass to effect fractionation. The first of the toluene should be distilled at normal pressure to remove water from solution azeotropically. The b.p. of the azeotrope is 85° C, while water-free toluene boils at 110° C. When the water is removed from solution, turn off the heat on the distillation, and carefully apply a vacuum to remove the remainder of the toluene. Then with the vacuum still on, resume heating the flask, and collect the substituted phenylacetone. Methylenedioxyphenylacetone distills at about 140° C and 160° C using a good aspirator with cold water. A poor vacuum source leads to much higher distillation temps and tar formation in the distilling flask. The yield from the reaction is close to 150 ml of phenylacetone. Its color should be clear to a light yellow. The odor of methylenedioxyphenylacetone is much like regular phenylacetone, with a trace of the candy shop odor of the safrole from which it was made. A higher-boiling phenylacetone like 2,4,5-trimethyloxyphenylacetone is better purified as the bisulfite addition product, unless a vacuu Bali Lily Color Blend (Nyphaea sp) Terscheckii Cactus Skin Cuts (Trichocereus Terscheckii) Whitelilynyphaeaalba Asian Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) DRIED FLOWERS 5 Other drugs 1 caapi) Ayahuasca caapi) Vine (Banisteriopsis Terscheckii Cactus Skin Cuts (Trichocereus Terscheckii) school ayahuasca

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